Tips for good Speech – To many people, public speaking or making a speech in front of an audience or crowd is one of life’s great terrors, they feel nervous and have ‘butterflies’ in their stomachs. With training and practice, the fearful reaction or nervousness can be got rid of or at least reduced.
Public speaking is a very important skill. At one time or other you may be required or called upon to give a speak for one of the following reasons:
- To Greet or Express Certain Message
- To Instruct a Group of People
- To Persuade Others on a certain Matter
- To Inspire a Group of People
- To Entertain an Audience.
Tips for Good Speech in Public Speaking
Define the Purpose of Your Speech.
When ever you are called to make a speech, find out why you have to give that speech. Is it to convey certain messages like in a farewell speech, or to inspire, instruct or entertain? Having done this, you would know better how to choose the form and the tone your speech should take. Your choice of words, expression or sentences should be suitable according to the purpose of your speech.
Get to Know Your Audience
In order to make your speech more effective, better accepted or received, it is very important to find out as much as possible about the audience your speech is targeted at- their interests, how familiar they are with the topic,their educational level and maturity, their sensitivities and so on. In this way, you can prepare and deliver your speech more effectively.
Prepare and Organize Your Material
A good speaker prepare and organizes his material well. He has to read and research the topic or subject; he thinks about the topic and carefully consider what he want to include into his speech. A good speech consist of three part, namely:
- The Address or Introduction (10% to 15% of the speech)
- The Body of the Speech (70% to 80% of the speech)
- The End or Conclusion (10% to 15% ).
Get Attention at the Introduction
You should arose the interest of the audience, stir their curiosity or motivate them to want to listen. Do this when you introduce the topic or subject. For example
- Posing an interesting question
- presenting an inspiring quotation
- Giving a motivational thought
- Narrating a touching anecdote.
Watch Your Body Language
Throughout your whole speech, you have to maintain eye contact with the members of the audience. You may switch your focus to different groups of people in different areas of the hall. It is important to remember to smile. It can go a long way to help make the audience like your speech….and the speaker perhaps!
Be Aware of the Way You Speak
Speak loud enough so that every body in the hall can hear you. Do not shout: project your voice right to the last row of the audience.Speak at the right speed -not too fast like a mail train and not hesitatingly slow. Pronounce your ward clearly and correctly. Speak up with confidence and in natural manner. Use proper grammatical English with good fluency and articulation.
Adopt a Proper Posture
It is usual for a speaker to adopt a standing position. Do not slouch over or tense up rigidly. Stand straight on both feet in a natural and comfortable manner. Avoid pacing or moving from one place to place-it is distracting. Do not fold your arms or put your hands in your pocket.
Avoid Negative Elements
A speech should not belittle, contain or curse others. Such negative elements serve little or no purpose ; on the other hand, they may generate ill will, hostility and enmity. It is also wish to steer clear of ides or statements which smack of prejudice or discrimination in terms of sex, race, creed and religion. In fact, presentation of such material will reflect poorly on the speaker.
Be Honest and Sincere
A speech presented with honesty and sincerity has more meaning to all. Admit ignorance when you don’t know. If you try to put on a false front or attempt merely to impress others, people will soon see through your ego and your speech will carry little weight. You must mean what you say. Believe in your own ideas and points and only then can you hope to convince, persuade or inspire others
Make an Effective Conclusion
Some speech, although contain good pint in the body, eventually become ineffective because of poor conclusion, The conclusion of a speech is very important; think over it and spend time to prepare it well. The conclusion conveys the essence of the speech. All the main points should be summarized well and presented clearly.
Handle Questions Intelligently
When you prepare the subject matter for your speech ,you have to anticipate the possible questions from the floor. think about the and go over in your mind the likely answers you intend to give. Being prepared well give you more confidence. When a question is asked, listen carefully and then give relevant answers and remember not to stray from the issue or the question at hand.